If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation. Think you’ve got it? Passé compose (The narrative past tense) In other words, this tense is called The Perfect Tense. The use of the past perfect is very similar in French and English. ont allées. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free! The plus‐que‐parfait is the compound form of the imparfait (imperfect) and is formed by using the imperfect of the appropriate helping verb, avoir or être (have or be) and the participe passé (past participle) of the verb. It’s equivalent to English past simple or, sometimes, present perfect. The past perfect, also called the pluperfect, is a verb tense that distinguishes between two related things that happened in the past, indicating which one occurred before the other. Test yourself on the French pluperfect with this fill-in-the-blank exercise: La soirée de mes rêves. Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated. All conjugated verbs, with the exception of the imperative form, require a subject pronoun. The latter use can be either mentioned in the same sentence or implied. Si clauses or conditionals produce conditional sentences, with one clause stating a condition or possibility and a second clause naming a result produced by that condition. Mes copines _____ à la plage l'été dernier. The past perfect, also called the pluperfect, is a verb tense that distinguishes between two related things that happened in the past, indicating which one occurred before the other. A1 | A2 | B1 | B2 | C1    Find your level. The latter use can be either mentioned in the same sentence or implied. The table provides some example; for clarity, the prior action is listed in parentheses in some cases. Here are some French examples and their English equivalents to help get a better idea: Post was not sent - check your email addresses! J'avais déjà fait la lessive. It’s the most commonly used one, therefore, the most important French past tense. I went shopping this morning. ... Je visitais souvent le Louvre. There is no equivalent for "then" per se in French conditional sentences. I had finished all the work before leaving. We wanted to talk to you because we didn't see you yesterday. Fill in the blank with the correct form of the past tense verb. The French past perfect, or pluperfect—known in French as le plus-que-parfait —is used to indicate an action in the past that occurred before another action in the past. The French past perfect is a compound conjugation, which means it has two parts: Like all French compound conjugations, the past perfect may be subject to grammatical agreement, as follows: Conjugating the French le plus-que-parfait (the past perfect or pluperfect) requires knowing when to use avoir, être, or a pronominal, as the table demonstrates for the verbs aimer (to love), devenir (to become), and lavar (to wash). Habitual vs Occasional. The past participle ends in -é for -er verbs, in -i for -ir verbs, and in -u for … The perfect tense: How to talk about the past in French To talk about something you did in the past, you're going to need the perfect ‎‎ tense. I did the laundry and Ana mowed the lawn. In English, such sentences are called "if/then" constructions. The action that occurred second is usually stated with another past tense, such as the passé composé or imperfect. The perfect tense is formed with the present tense of avoir or être and a past participle. Je voyageais en France tous les ans. Il n'avait pas mangé (avant de faire ses devoirs). The French si means "if" in English. Its English equivalent is “had” and the past participle. When the Perfect Tense Is Used in French The perfect tense is the most common way to talk about the past in French. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. You can use it to talk about past events, things that occurred multiple times in the past, or a series of actions that happened way back when. Most verbs take avoir in the perfect tense. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window). The use of the past perfect is very similar in French and English. If you had asked me, I would have answered. The perfect tense is made up of two parts. You would have passed the test if you had studied. She had finished all the work when I left. French pronominal verbs are accompanied by the reflexive pronoun se or s' preceding the infinitive, hence the grammatical term "pronominal," which means "relating to a pronoun." Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless French account to take this test. (My friends went to the beach last summer.) ont allés. The pluperfect is also used in si clauses to express a hypothetical situation in the past contrary to what actually happened. I’d finally found a perfect rose when it started to rain. All rights reserved. He hadn't eaten (before doing his homework). If I had finished the work, I would have left early. This free website is created with love and a great deal of work. The past perfect is used without a subsequent action in hypothetical si clauses – when something could or would have happened if a condition, stated with the past perfect, had been met. The second action may be stated with avant de + infinitive or avant que + subjunctive, or the verb can even be implied with avant + noun, as long as that noun refers to something in the past. ... J'ai … The past perfect is used for the verb that happened first, the one that is further in the past. I had already done the laundry. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Start studying Perfect tense - past - French. All reflexive verbs and a small group of verbs referring to movement or change take être. J'ai fait du shopping ce matin. © 2020 Lawless French. 'Passé Anterieur': An Important French Literary Tense, 'Would Have' In French: That's the Past Conditional, Introduction to the French Past Infinitive, French Perfect Participle ~ Passé Composé du Participe Présent, Passé composé: French Compound Past Tense, Why Spanish Isn't Easier to Learn Than French, French Verb Conjugator: How To Conjugate French Verbs.