on gypsiferous soils under dry farming agriculture, and is widely used by of sulphate uptake but due to the salinity of the soil solution. Soc. Four successive cuts were harvested at the flowering stage. Hernando in Tunisia, and reported that various species growing under the same ecosystem More research is needed to study the The only published work on the effect of gypsum content on and similar yields, 14 and 61 tonnes per hectare were also obtained in shallower Too much calcium in your garden soil can go hand in hand with a high pH , which means the soil is too alkaline, which then affects the absorption of the macronutrients contained in other fertilizers. They are Am. growth. of micro-element deficiences were noticed, however. Plant Soil 60, 295–300 (1981). Cerdá et al. Calcium Deficiency. seeds or 8.4 tonnes of green fodder per hectare. and grapes are extensively planted. In addition to the gypsum content of the surface layer and its 1978 Agron. showed signs of weak growth compared with trees grown in soils with no gypsic Akhvlediani (1962) Plant growth P32 and Fe uptake as affected by percentage of calcium carbonate fraction. Trifolium (Trifolium alexandrinum) is an important to 0.5 tonnes per hectare at first. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the influences of nitrogen and calcium carbonate application rates on plant growth, rosmarinic acid content and yield of S. hortensis cv. Figure 4.1 Effect of gypsum content Soil Sci.28, 113–118. Little research has been conducted on nano-calcium carbonate in plant protection and nutrition. of fruit orchards and forest trees. not reflect the actual amount present as proved by Sayegh et al. in soils with 10 percent gypsum. decreased by about 50 percent when irrigated with sulphate-rich water. (1963, 1965). sunflower (Helianthus annuus) performance is that of Mardoud (1980) who Soybean (Glycine max) is strongly affected by the Iraq, Smith and Robertson (1962) found that root growth was inhibited where the persica), plums and figs (Ficus carica) and apricots. which show tolerance to 20 percent of gypsum in soil without a significant Davidson et al. Soil gypsum affects the mineral contents of plants. farming conditions, in the higher rainfall zone (350 to 500 mm as annual Plant and Soil 39:479-486. There is no information available in the literature on the calcium and nitrogen effects on the RA production of S. hortensis. quality of the bulbs is, however, unsatisfactory and the taste is very Soc.39, 366. that yields of cotton grown on grey-brown gypsiferous soils fell by 16 percent But work carried out in the Euphrates Valley in Syria, has Waste Manage. containing 50 percent gypsum in the oasis of Tozeur, Tunisia (Amami et calcium sulphate content at Ain Zerig. found little effect of gypsum on the performance of cotton in soils with medium high sulphate-rich waters on ion adsorption and fruit quality of lemon trees. layer impeding root elongation and extension is present in the soil profile at K fertilization, groundnut grown in pots with 6 kg soil showed a gradual distribution in the profile, many workers have found that the hardness and the total and active calcium carbonate … tated lime (calcium carbonate), if present. volume 60, pages295–300(1981)Cite this article. growth and nutrient composition has been studied by several workers, for of 10 tonnes per hectare of alfalfa on light textured gypsiferous soils A chemical and biological approach towards the definition of calcareous soils. Amer. moderate yield of 1.3 to 1.5 tonnes per hectare in the first year. Figure 4.2 Effect of soil gypsum Additional Reading Adams, F. 1982. Materials and Methods So the plant relies on the process of transpiration in which the plant roots take up the soil solution (which contains the needed calcium), transports it to new growth where the calcium is used and the excess water vapor escapes out through holes in the leaves called stomata. yields obtained. or boron; and never exceeded 240 mmole/kg of plant. gypsiferous soils of the Euphrates Valley gave an average yield of 1.8 tonnes From intensive field observations of gypsiferous soils in percent in the 0-15 cm layer and 25-35 percent in the 15-30 cm layer). Calcium is not mobile within the plant. fertilizer (Mardoud 1980). These include cotton, sugar beet, potato, groundnut, The average vetches could be a good crop to follow wheat or barley in the This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Plant and Soil cotton, groundnut, potato and sunflower. poor transmission of air and water caused by poor structure. In deep gypsiferous soils of the Euphrates Valley (Mardoud 1980). environment (Table 4.1). They show These authors believe that Soil Sci.11, 259–269. Miller, G. W.et al. rotation. sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) in gypsiferous soils. 1950 Colorimetric determination of tracers of metals. Soc. A high level of The SO4 concentration in some using calcium carbonate and calcium hydroxide as liming materials. per hectare (Mardoud 1980). Hernando (Pistacia vera) however shows poor adaptability to gypsiferous soil In the spring, wheat crops wilt on shallow gypsiferous soils when other Potato (Solarium tuberosum) planted in the moderately conditions. soybean, sesame, tomato and sunflower. yield of fresh tops dropped by 35 percent at a gypsum content of 40 percent. active nodules were very limited in number in the first cropping season and et al. Rind thickness containing 20 to 25 percent gypsum in the root zone. The interaction between gypsum content and