Experienced volunteers with access to chestnut trees may be asked to graft scionwood of chinquapins onto their trees. Volunteers will be asked either to grow trees or collect germplasm (seeds and/or cuttings). Volunteers will be expected to harvest and weigh 100 seeds, once trees become productive enough, on an annual basis, and to keep seeds from each tree labeled separate. The Allegheny chinquapin is closely related to the American chestnut, Castanea dentata, and both trees can be found in the same habitat. While the fungus does kill the tallest limbs/trunks of chinquapin plants by the time they reach 30 feet in heigh (they once grew to over 60 feet), the roots are apparently undamaged and continue to send up new branches. The four main species groups are commonly known as American, European, Chinese, and Japanese chestnuts. The native range is from Maryland and extreme southern New Jersey and southeast Pennsylvania south to central Florida, west to eastern Texas, and north to southern Missouri and Kentucky. Can volunteers expect to be able to keep some germplasm (seeds, bulbs, cuttings, spores, etc) at the close of the project? The flowers are monoecious and appear in early summer. The difference between Chestnut and Chinquapin When used as nouns , chestnut means a tree or shrub of the genus castanea, whereas chinquapin means any of the trees in the genus castanopsis. Chinkapin Japanese Chinese European American Hybrids; Picture: Leaf taper to stem: straight: curved: curved: curved: straight: Be aware that all chestnuts can cross-pollinate, so that the chestnut you are trying to identify may actually be a mix of two or more different types of chestnuts, known as a hybrid. His background as an organizer includes work with Occupy Sandy, Service Employees International Union, the Sudan Freedom Walk Campaign, and various political campaigns. Chinquapin chestnuts (Castanea pumila) were once a treasured food crop in the Eastern part of the United States (roughly from Florida to Pennsylvania, west to Texas). is the chestnut in miniature-rarely a tree of medium height and spreading habit-usually a shrub that seizes the land by its suckering roots, and forms thickets on hillsides and bare ridges or on the margins of swamps. According to a 1999 study by American Society for Horticultural Science, the Ozark chinkapin, which is typically considered either a distinct species (C. ozarkensis) or a subspecies of the Allegheny chinkapin (C. pumila subsp. This project seeks volunteers both for growing trees over many years and for collecting seeds and/or cuttings from wild or cultivated trees. Some may be asked to grow plants from seed, or be provided with living plants. It grows best on wel… The Chinquapin (C. pumila, Mill.) To participate, you must create a profile and join this project. As a adjective chestnutis of a deep reddish-brown colour, like that of a chestnut. From Slow Food USA's Ark of Taste: "On November 26, 1898, the Trenton Evening Times wrote an article about the stir a rare appearance of chinquapins in a northern market occasioned. A collaborative long-term project to identify and/or breed cultivars of chinquapin chestnut (Castanea pumila), or chinquapin chestnut crosses with other chestnut species, suited for food production. Allegheny chinquapin, however, is less susceptible to the chestnut blight fungus that devastated the American chestnut. The chinquapin doesn’t need cooking like the chestnut to reduce it to toothsomeness.'. Beyond the impact of the blight, a few traits have conspired to keep chinquapin chestnuts from being improved as crop plants: 1) the relatively small size of the seeds, 2) the propensity of seeds to germinate in the Fall, sometimes before they even fall from the plant, 3) the uneven ripening of seeds, 4) the deep love of squirrels for chinquapins, and 5) the challenges of processing large amounts of chinquapin seeds. Castanea pumila, commonly known as the Allegheny chinquapin, American chinquapin (from the Powhatan) or dwarf chestnut, is a species of chestnut native to the southeastern United States. The leaves of the Allegheny chinquapin are smaller than the American chestnut and have less distinct teeth. The plant's habitat is dry sandy and rocky uplands and ridges mixed with oak and hickory to 1000 m elevation. Each leaf is 7.5–15 cm (3–5 7⁄8 in) long by 3–5 cm (1 1⁄4–2 in) wide with parallel side veins ending in short pointed teeth. Volunteers will also be asked to survey their surrounding area as much as possible to determine if any other chestnut trees (of any species) are present, as chestnuts are prone to crossing between species. They are open pollinated and seedlings may contain genes from American… Chinquapin is a see also of chestnut. Chinquapin chestnuts (Castanea pumila) were once a treasured food crop in the Eastern part of the United States (roughly from Florida to Pennsylvania, west to Texas). They rely on donations and volunteers to continue their work.